Selection of hydraulic cylinder
Hydraulic cylinders convert hydraulic energy into mechanical work. Normally they generate a linear movement. For many tasks of hydraulic cylinders you can get a choice:
To avoid that the piston does not drive at full speed against the end stop, a cushioning is required.
Functioning: (1)A damping piece closes, just before reaching the end position, the discharge outlet. (2) The oil is forced to make its way through the small hole with an adjustable throttle screw. The piston thus runs against an oil cushion and gets an end position damping.
The volumetric flow rate Q, which flows into the cylinder, is the cause for a movement of the piston. The piston velocity v depends on the volume flow Q and the effective piston area A.
v = Q v piston speed in m/s
A A volumetric flow rate in l/min
Q effective piston area
The efficiency of a cylinder is determined mainly by friction. Today's seals have low leakage losses, implied that they are new. With increasing operating time, however, the leakage will increase and thus the overall efficiency decreases.