Definition robot according VDI-guidline 2860
“Definition robot according VDI-guidline 2860 "Industrial robots are universal handling systems with several axes those motions with respect to movement sequence and paths or angles are freely programmable or sensor-guided. They can be equipped with grippers, tools or other means of production and can perform handling and / or production tasks."
Definition robot according Norm EN 10218-1
“A robot / industrial robot is an automatically controlled, freely programmable multipurpose manipulator with three or more axes for use in automation technology either in a fixed location or movably."
By this definition, a robot can be clearly distinguished from the so-called manipulators and pick-and-place equipment.
Test yourself: Classify these handling-devices and explain why!
Pic a): A simple manipulator. The hoses indicate that this device consists of simple cylinders.
Pic b): Actually an industrial robot (SCARA)